Galera System TablesΒΆ

Starting with version 4 of Galera, three system tables related to Galera replication were added to the mysql database: wsrep_cluster, wsrep_cluster_members, and wsrep_streaming_log. These system tables may be used by database administrators to get a sense of the current layout of the nodes in a cluster.

To see these tables on your server, execute the following SQL statement one of them using the mysql client or a similar client:

SHOW TABLES FROM mysql LIKE 'wsrep%';

+---------------------------+
| Tables_in_mysql (wsrep%)  |
+---------------------------+
| wsrep_cluster             |
| wsrep_cluster_members     |
| wsrep_streaming_log       |
+---------------------------+

Database administrators and clients with the access to the mysql database may read these tables, but they may not modify them: the database itself will make modifications, as needed. If your server doesn’t have these tables, it may be that your server is using an older version of Galera.

Cluster View

One of the new Galera related system tables is the wsrep_cluster table. This new table, starting in version 4 of Galera, contains a current view of the cluster. That is to say, it stores the UUID of the cluster and some other identification information, as well as the cluster’s capabilities.

To see the names of the columns in this table, either use the DESCRIBE statement or execute the following SQL statement from the mysql client on one of the nodes in the cluster:

SELECT COLUMN_NAME FROM information_schema.columns
WHERE table_schema='mysql'
AND table_name='wsrep_cluster';

+------------------+
| COLUMN_NAME      |
+------------------+
| cluster_uuid     |
| view_id          |
| view_seqno       |
| protocol_version |
| capabilities     |
+------------------+

The cluster_uuid contains the UUID of the cluster.

The view_id corresponds to the status value of the wsrep_cluster_conf_id, the number of cluster configuration changes which have occurred in the cluster. The view_seqno on the other hand, corresponds to Galera sequence number associated with the cluster view. The protocol version is the same value as contained in the wsrep_protocol_version variable. It’s the protocol version of the MySQL-wsrep or the MariaDB wsrep patch. Last, the capabilities column contains the capabilities bitmask provided by the Galera library. It’s metadata that will be needed to recover node state during crash recovery.

If you execute the following SQL statement from any node in a cluster, you can see the contents of this table:

SELECT * FROM mysql.wsrep_cluster \G

*************************** 1. row ***************************
    cluster_uuid: bd5fe1c3-7d80-11e9-8913-4f209d688a15
         view_id: 3
      view_seqno: 2956
protocol_version: 4
    capabilities: 184703

In the results here, you can see the cluster UUID. This can also be found by using the SQL statement, SHOW STATUS for the variable, wsrep_local_state_uuid.

Cluster Members

Another Galera related system tables is the wsrep_cluster_members table. This system table will provide the current membership of the cluster; it will contain a row for each node in the cluster. That is to say, each node in the cluster known to the node upon which the table is queried.

To see the names of columns in this table, either use the DESCRIBE statement or execute the following SQL statement from the mysql client on one of the nodes in the cluster:

SELECT COLUMN_NAME FROM information_schema.columns
WHERE table_schema='mysql'
AND table_name='wsrep_cluster_members';

+-----------------------+
| COLUMN_NAME           |
+-----------------------+
| node_uuid             |
| cluster_uuid          |
| node_name             |
| node_incoming_address |
+-----------------------+

The node_uuid records the UUID of each node in the cluster. The cluster_uuid is the UUID of the cluster for which the node belongs–the one on which the table has been queried. This is currently the same as what’s contained in the wsrep_cluster table. The node_name contains the human readable name of each node, Last, the node_incoming_address stores the IP address and port on which each node is listening for client connections.

If you execute the following SQL statement from any node in a cluster, you can see the contents of this table:

SELECT * FROM mysql.wsrep_cluster_members ORDER BY node_name \G

*************************** 1. row ***************************
            node_uuid: e39d1774-7e2b-11e9-b5b2-7696f81d30fb
         cluster_uuid: bd5fe1c3-7d80-11e9-8913-4f209d688a15
            node_name: galera1
node_incoming_address: AUTO
*************************** 2. row ***************************
            node_uuid: eb8fc512-7e2b-11e9-bb74-3281cf207f60
         cluster_uuid: bd5fe1c3-7d80-11e9-8913-4f209d688a15
            node_name: galera2
node_incoming_address: AUTO
*************************** 3. row ***************************
            node_uuid: 2347a8ac-7e2c-11e9-b6f0-da90a2d0a563
         cluster_uuid: bd5fe1c3-7d80-11e9-8913-4f209d688a15
            node_name: galera3
node_incoming_address: AUTO

In the results of this example you can see that this cluster is composed of three nodes. The node UUIDs are unique for each node. Notice that the cluster UUID is the same for all three and corresponds to the related value found in the wsrep_cluster table shown in the example earlier. Each node has a unique name (e.g., galera1). They were named in the configuration file using the wsrep_node_name parameter. The incoming node address is set to AUTO for all of these nodes, but they can be set individual to specific nodes with the wsrep-node-address or the bind-address parameter in each node’s configuration file.

Cluster Streaming Log

The last Galera related system tables is the wsrep_streaming_log table. This system table contains meta data and row events for ongoing streaming transactions, write set fragment per row.

The node_uuid column contains the node UUID of the hosting node for the transaction (i.e. node where the client is executing the transaction). The trx_id column stores the transaction identifier, whereas the seqno stores the sequence number of the write set fragment. Last, the flags columns records flags associated with the write set fragment, and frag contains the binary log replication events contained in the write set fragment.

To see the names of columns in this table, either use the DESCRIBE statement or execute the following SQL statement from the mysql client on one of the nodes in the cluster:

SELECT COLUMN_NAME FROM information_schema.columns
WHERE table_schema='mysql'
AND table_name='wsrep_streaming_log';

+-------------+
| COLUMN_NAME |
+-------------+
| node_uuid   |
| trx_id      |
| seqno       |
| flags       |
| frag        |
+-------------+

If you execute the following SQL statement from any node in a cluster, you can see the contents of this table:

SELECT * FROM mysql.wsrep_streaming_log \G

Typically, you won’t see any results since it will contain entries only for transactions which have streaming replication enabled. For example:

CREATE TABLE table1 (col1 INT PRIMARY KEY);

SET SESSION wsrep_trx_fragment_size=1;

START TRANSACTION;

INSERT INTO table1 VALUES (100);

SELECT node_uuid, trx_id, seqno, flags
FROM mysql.wsrep_streaming_log;

+--------------------------------------+--------+-------+-------+
| node_uuid                            | trx_id | seqno | flags |
+--------------------------------------+--------+-------+-------+
| a006244a-7ed8-11e9-bf00-867215999c7c |     26 |     4 |     1 |
+--------------------------------------+--------+-------+-------+

You can see in the results from the example here that the node UUID matches that of the third node (i.e., galera3) in the results for the example above related to the wsrep_cluster_members table. In this example, the frag column was omitted from the SELECT statement since it contains binary characters that don’t format well.